Early Maya City EL MIRADOR"
A city is part of a cultural system extending well beyond the city
itself. No city can exist in isolation, but instead interacts with
other cities, towns, villages, and hinterland populations for diverse
foods, products, talents, skills, and knowledge. El Mirador was
a city that required the best that a society had to give. Architects,
engineers, craftsmen, astronomers, artists, priests, politicians,
warriors, laborers, farmers, traders, and a huge supporting population
had to be pulled together to create this magnificent metropolis.
These elements came together by organization of a high order. Built
more than 2,000 years ago, El Mirador covers at least 16 square
kilometers in northern Guatemala. It
sits in a sea of forest.
El Mirador, was a Preclassic city! Covering
58,000 square meters, it gained its name because of its huge pyramid.
This pyramid dominates the west of the city; its base covers 18,000
Wood, burned to process lime mortar and stucco, was also abundant.
Ferric oxide, a red pigment, was painted onto the stucco, to deter
erosion. The red was considered ausppicoust. Blood was used by kings
to assert their power.