Mayan Prophecies and Calendar
Maya kept time with a combination of several cycles that meshed together
to mark the movement of the sun, moon and Venus. Their ritual calendar,
known as the Tzolkin, was composed of 260 days. It pairs the numbers from
1 through 13 with a sequence of the 20 day-names shown below. It works something
like our days of the week pairing with the numbers of the month. Thus you
might have 1-Imix (similar to Sunday the 1st) followed by 2-Ik (just as
you would have Monday the 2nd). When you get to 13-Ben, the next day would
start the numbers over again, thus 1-Ix, 2-Men etc. It will take 260 days
before the cycle gets back to 1-Imix again (13 x 20).
The symbols shown below represent the 20 day-names and are identified with their Yucatec names, pronunciation and approximate translation. The name, meaning and symbol can vary in different Maya languages. Also, each day can be represented with more elaborate glyphs known as "Head Variants" - a formal writing system which can be loosely compared to our script alphabet versus our print alphabet.