The
Maya understood 17 different Calendars based on the Cosmos.
Some of these calendars go back as far as ten million years and are
so difficult that you would need an astronomer, astrologer, geologist,
and a mathematician just to work out the calculations. The calendars
that are most important to beings of earth are the Haab, the Tun-Uc
and the Tzolk'in. The Tzolk'in is the most important and the one with
the most influence.

The Haab
is based in the cycles of earth. It has 360 + 5 days, totaling 365 days.
The Haab uses 18 months with 20 days in each month. There is a 19th month
called a
Vayeb and uses the 5 extra days. Each month has it's own name/glyph.
Each day uses a sacred sun/glyph.

The
Tun-Uc is the moon calendar. It uses 28 day cycles that mirrors the women's
moon cycle. This cycle of the moon is broken down into 4 smaller cycles,
of 7 day each. These smaller cycles are the four phases of moon cycle.
Portal days (p), on the calendar provided marks days using mathematics
of 28 and their fore have a connection with the moon cycles.

The
Tzolk'in is the Sacred calendar of the Maya and is based on the cycles
of the Pleiadies. The cycle of the Pleiadies uses 26,000 years, but is
reflected in the calendar we are using by encompassing 260 days. It uses
the sacred numbers 13 and 20. The 13 represents the numbers and 20 represents
the sun/glyphs. The Tzolk'in has four smaller cycles called seasons of
65 days each guarded by the four suns of Chicchan, Oc, Men and Ahau. There
are also Portal days within the Tzolkin that create a double helix pattern
using 52 days and the mathematics of 28. This sacred calendar is still
being used for divination by the traditional Maya all over the Yucatan,
Guatemala, and Belize, and Honduras.

The
Maya kept time with a combination of several cycles that meshed together
to mark
the movement of the Sun, Moon and Venus. Their ritual calendar, known
as the
Tzolkin, was composed of 260 days. It pairs the numbers from 1 through
13
with a sequence of the 20 day-names shown below.

IMIX ee mesh
waterlily/ world

IK' eek'
wind

AK'BAL ok bol
night-house

K'AN k' on
maize

CHIKCHAN cheek chon
snake

KIMI kee me death

MANIK' ma neek' hand

LAMAT la mot
Venus

MULUK' mul ok' water

OK ak
dog

CHUEN chew in monkey

EB eb tooth

BEN ben
reed

IX eesh
jaguar

MEN men
eagle

KIB keeb
soul

KABAN kah bon earth

ETZ'NAB ehts' nob
flint, knife

KAWAK kah wok
storm

AHAW ah how Lord

It
works something like our days of the week pairing with the numbers of
the month. You might have 1-Imix (similar to Sunday the 1st) followed
by 2-Ik (just as you would have Monday the 2nd). When you get to 13-Ben,
the next day would start the numbers over again, thus 1-Ix, 2-Ben etc.
It will take 260 days before the cycle gets back to 1-Imix again (13
x 20). The symbols shown above represent the 20 day-names and are identified
with their Yucatec names, pronunciation and approximate translation.

The
Tzolkin calendar was meshed with a 365-day solar cycle called the "Haab".
The calendar consisted of 18 months with 20 days (numbered 0-19) and
a short "month" of only 5 days that was called the Wayeb and was considered
to be a dangerous time. It took 52 years for the Tzolkin and Haab calendars
to move through a complete cycle. These are the Mayan words for periods
of time:

Day
= Kin (keen)
Month of 20 days = Uinal (wee nal)
Year of 360 days = Tun (toon)
20 Tuns = K'atun (k' ah toon)
20 K'atuns = Baktun (bock toon)