Arjuna said : If it be thought by Thee that knowledge is superior to action, O Janardana, why dust Thou, O Keshava, enjoin on me this terrible action? With these perplexing words Thou only confusest my understandings therefore tell me with certainty the one way by which I may reach bliss.
The Blessed Lord said: In this world there is a twofold path, as I before said, O sinless one: that of yoga by knowledge, of the Sankhyas; and that of yoga by action, of the Yogis.
winneth not freedom from action by abstaining from activity, nor by mere
renunciation doth he rise to perfection.Nor can anyone, even for an instant,
remain really actionless; for helplessly is everyone driven to action
by the qualities' born of nature. Who sitteth, controlling the organs
of action, but dwelling in his mind on theobjects of the senses, that
bewildered man is called a hypocrite. But who controlling the senses by
Perform thou right action; for action is superior to inaction, and, inactive, even the maintenance of thy body would not be possible. The world is bound by action, unless per formed for the sake of sacrifice; for that sake, free from attachment, O son of Kunti, perform thou action.
in ancient times emanated mankind together with sacrifice, the Lord of
emanation' said: By this shall ye propagate; be this to you the giver
of desires. With this nourish ye the Shining Ones and may the Shining
Ones nourish you; thus nourishing one another, ye shall reap thesupremest
good. For, nourished by sacrifice, the Shining Ones shall bestow on you
the enjoyments you desire.' A thief verily is he who enjoyeth what is
From food creatures become: from rain is the production of food; rain production from sacrifice ariseth out of action. Know thou that from Brahma' action groweth, and Brahma from the Imperishable cometh. Therefore the ETERNAL, the all permeating, is ever present in sacrifice.
He who on earth doth not follow the wheel thus revolving, sinful of life and rejoicing in the senses, he, O son of Pritha, liveth in vain. But the man who rejoiceth in the SELF, with the SELF Is satisfied, and is content in the SELF,for him verily there is nothing to do.
For him there is no interest in things done in this world, nor any in things not done, nor doth any object of his depend on any' being. Therefore, without attachment, constantly perform action which is duty, for, by performing action without attachment, man verily reacheth the Supreme.
Janaka and others indeed attained to perfection by action,then having an eye to the welfare of the world also, thou shouldst perform action. Whatsoever a great man doeth, that other men also do; the standard he setteth up, by that the people go.There is nothing in the three worlds? O Partha, that should be done by Me, nor anything unattained that might be attained; yet I mingle in action.For if I mingled not ever in action unwearied, men all around would follow My path, O son of Pritha.
|These worlds would fall into ruin, if I did not perform action; I should be the authorof confusion of castes, and should destroy these creatures. As the ignorant act from attachment to action, O Bharata, so should the wise act without attachment, desiring the welfare of the world.Let no wise man unsettle the mind of ignorant people attached to action; but acting in harmony with Me let him render all action attractive.|
I am the doer.'
he,O mighty armed, who knovveth the essence of the divisions of the qualities
all actions to Me I with thy thoughts resting on the supreme SELF,
|Even the man of knowledge behaves in conformity with his own nature; beings follow nature; what shall restraint avail? Affection and aversion for the objects of sense abide in the senses; let none come under the dominion of these two;they are obstructors of the path. Better one's own duty' though destitute of merit, than the duty of another, well discharged. Better death in the discharge of one's own duty;' the duty' of another is full of danger.|
But dragged on by what does a man commit sin,
The Blessed Lord said:
O best of the Bharatas, mastering first the sense:do thou slay this thing
of sin, destructive of wisdom and knowledge. It is said that the senses
are great; greater than the senses is the mind;'greater than the mind'
is the Reasons but what is greater than the Reason, is He .Thus understanding
Him as greater than the Reason, restraining the self by the SELF,slay
thou, O mighty
armed, the enemy in the form of desire, difficult to overcome.